HYSPLIT can be configured for applications such as emergency response, when the scale
of the simulation is on the order of 10-30 km. For this
example, set up the run as shown
below for Washington, D.C. (release location 38.880N 77.027W 10m and 100m), using the NAM 12 km forecast
data, a 1-h emission and simulation, average concentration after 1 h, a lat/lon grid resolution
of 0.001 degrees and a grid span of 1.0 degrees lat/lon. Then using the
Advanced / Configuration Setup / Concentration menu, set the model to use the 3-D
horizontal and vertical particle method, 1000 particles, 10000 maximum number of particles,
and the Short-range isotropic similarity method for the turbulence computation.
After choosing Run Standard Model, set the number of rings to 3 every 10 km in the
Concentration Display menu (below), set the map background to countymap, the
zoom to 100% and turn off the contour outlines.
The countymap file can be downloaded from the NOAA ARL website at:
|The resulting plume (right) produces a very narrow plume moving southeast
into Maryland over the 1 hour period. As will be shown later, the Google Earth or ESRI
shapefiles could also be generated here and allow the emergency manager to overlay the
plume with other geographic features.
Now assume the release was very small and only lasted 15 minutes. Use the Concentration
setup / Pollutant, Deposition and Grids setup menu (right) to define a 15 minute (0.25h) release
of one unit of mass. Note that since the release rate required is per hour, you will need
to multiply the mass by 4 in this case. In addition, we would like to make an animation
of 10 minutes average air concentrations over 1 hour, which can be defined in the
concentration grid setup menu.
|Run the model and create an animated GIF. Click on the first frame to the right to
display the animation. Notice how the contour values (and colors) are changing as the concentration
decreases with time. These can be fixed if needed by checking Fix-Exp box in the
Concentration Display menu.