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HYSPLIT Publications & Meteorological Data Information

The following references should be used if publishing a paper using the HYSPLIT model in general:

Stein, A.F., Draxler, R.R, Rolph, G.D., Stunder, B.J.B., Cohen, M.D., and Ngan, F., (2015). NOAA's HYSPLIT atmospheric transport and dispersion modeling system, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 96, 2059-2077,

Draxler, R.R., 1999: HYSPLIT4 user's guide. NOAA Tech. Memo. ERL ARL-230, NOAA Air Resources Laboratory, Silver Spring, MD.

Draxler, R.R., and G.D. Hess, 1998: An overview of the HYSPLIT_4 modeling system of trajectories, dispersion, and deposition. Aust. Meteor. Mag., 47, 295-308.

Draxler, R.R., and G.D. Hess, 1997: Description of the HYSPLIT_4 modeling system. NOAA Tech. Memo. ERL ARL-224, NOAA Air Resources Laboratory, Silver Spring, MD, 24 pp.

If the paper used results from the on-line web version of HYSPLIT, please include the following references:

Stein, A.F., Draxler, R.R, Rolph, G.D., Stunder, B.J.B., Cohen, M.D., and Ngan, F., (2015). NOAA's HYSPLIT atmospheric transport and dispersion modeling system, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 96, 2059-2077,

Rolph, G.D., . Real-time Environmental Applications and Display sYstem (READY) Website ( NOAA Air Resources Laboratory, Silver Spring, MD.

Hysplit On-Line Publications

Due to copyright restrictions, some articles are not available directly on-line, but must be requested by e-mail. You will be prompted, the article file name will appear in the subject line, no additional message is necessary. For additional references to HYSPLIT papers see Google Scholar.

HYSPLIT Trifold Brochure (PDF, 600KB)

Improving volcanic ash predictions with the HYSPLIT dispersion model by assimilating MODIS satellite retrievals - Chai, T., Crawford, A., Stunder, B., Pavolonis, M., Draxler, R., and Stein, A., 2016. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., doi:10.5194/acp-2016-750

Initializing HYPSLIT with satellite observations of volcanic ash: A case study of the 2008 Kasatochi eruption - Crawford, B. J. B. Stunder, F. Ngan, M. J. Pavolonis, 2016. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 121, doi:10.1002/2016JD024779

NOAA's HYSPLIT atmospheric transport and dispersion modeling system - Stein, A.F., Draxler, R.R, Rolph, G.D., Stunder, B.J.B., Cohen, M.D., and Ngan, F., (2015). Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 96, 2059-2077.

Inline Coupling of WRF-HYSPLIT: Model Development and Evaluation Using Tracer Experiments. Fong Ngan, Ariel Stein, and Roland Draxler, 2015. J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 54, 1162-1176. doi:

Source term estimation using air concentration measurements and a Lagrangian dispersion model - Experiments with pseudo and real cesium-137 observations from the Fukushima nuclear accident, Chai et al. 2015

Modeling the fallout from stabilized nuclear clouds using the HYSPLIT atmospheric dispersion model - Rolph, G.D., F. Ngan, and R.R. Draxler (2014), Journal of environmental radioactivity 136: 41-55.

Evaluation of the Transfer Coefficient Matrix (TCM) approach to model the atmospheric radionuclide air concentrations from Fukushima. - Draxler, R.R., and G.D. Rolph (2012), Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres (1984-2012) 117.D5.

An Empirically Derived Emission Algorithm for Wind Blown Dust - Draxler, R. R., P. Ginoux, and A. F. Stein (2010), An empirically derived emission algorithm for wind-blown dust, J. Geophys. Res., 115, D16212, doi:10.1029/2009JD013167.

Description and verification of the NOAA smoke forecasting system: the 2007 fire seasonRolph, G.D., et al. (2009), Weather and Forecasting 24.2 (2009): 361-378.

Verification of the NOAA smoke forecasting system: model sensitivity to the injection height Stein, A.F., et al. (2009), Weather and Forecasting 24.2: 379-394.

Airborne Volcanic Ash Forecast Area Reliability - Stunder, B.J.B., J.L. Heffter, R.R. Draxler (2007), Weather and Forecasting, 22:1132-1139, DOI: 10.1175/WAF1042.1

Numerical basis for the global eulerian module in HYSPLIT version 4.9 - Draxler, R.R., 2007, Demonstration of a global modeling methodology to determine the relative importance of local and long-distance sources, Atmospheric Environment, 41:776-789, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2006.08.052.

A hybrid modeling approach to resolve pollutant concentrations in an urban area - Stein, A.F., V. Isakov, J. Godowitch, R.R. Draxler (2007), Atmospheric Environment 41:9410-9426.

Determination of the contribution of northern Africa dust source areas to PM10 concentrations over the central Iberian Peninsula using the Hybrid Single-Particle Lagrangian Integrated Trajectory model (HYSPLIT) model - Escudero, M., A. Stein, R. R. Draxler, X. Querol, A. Alastuey, S. Castillo, and A. Avila (2006), J. Geophys. Res., 111, D06210, doi:10.1029/2005JD006395.

The Use of Global and Mesoscale Meteorological Model Data to Predict the Transport and Dispersion of Tracer Plumes over Washington, D.C. - Draxler, R.R., 2006, Weather and Forecasting, Vol. 21, No. 3, pages 383-394.

Evaluation of an ensemble dispersion calculation - Draxler, R.R. 2003, Journal of Applied Meteorology, Vol. 42, February, 308-317.

Hysplit User's Guide - An essential document if you will be using the Windows PC version of the model. The document provides complete information about file formats, command line prompts, and descriptions of each input line for the Hysplit model's control file that is used to set up the simulation ( NOAA Tech Memo ERL ARL-230, June 1999, 35p - Last Revised March 2002 - also included in the distribution download file).

Meteorological Factors of Ozone Predictability at Houston, Texas - Draxler, R.R. 2000, J. Air and Waste Management Assoc., 50: 259-271.

An Overview of the Hysplit_4 Modeling System for Trajectories, Dispersion, and Deposition - Draxler, R.R. and G.D. Hess, 1998, Aust. Met. Mag., 47, 295-308.

Description of the Hysplit_4 modeling system - Draxler, R.R. and G.D. Hess, 1997, NOAA Tech Memo ERL ARL-224, Dec, 24p.

Emergency Preparedness, Regional Specialized Meteorological Centers at Washington and Montreal - Draxler, R.R., Jean, M., Hicks, B., and Randerson, D. 1997, Radiation Protection Dosimetry, Vol 73, pp. 27-30.

Trajectory Optimization for Balloon Flight Planning - Draxler, R.R. 1996, Weather and Forecasting, Vol 11, March, pp. 111-114.

Boundary layer isentropic and kinematic trajectories during the August 1993 North Atlantic Regional Experiment Intensive - Draxler, R.R. 1996, J. Geophys. Res., Vol 101, No. D22, pp. 29255-29268.

Other Publications referencing HYSPLIT

Meteorological Data

The meteorological input fields used by Hysplit are required to be in "ARL packed" format. All gridded meteorological data available on our site are already in this form and may be FTP'd to your PC without conversion. Remember to use the binary or iget options for any data transfers.

All data meteorological available on our site on-line may be used through any Web based READY program, or with some restrictions, downloaded to your PC for computations. Data that is no longer on-line may be available from NCDC or other sources, however it cannot be placed back on-line and all computations with those data must be done locally on your own PC.

For more information

Modified: January 10, 2017
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