HYSPLIT Publications & Meteorological Data Information
The following references should be used if publishing a paper using the HYSPLIT model in general:
Draxler, R.R., and G.D. Hess, 1997: Description of the HYSPLIT_4 modeling system. NOAA Tech. Memo. ERL ARL-224, NOAA Air Resources Laboratory, Silver Spring, MD, 24 pp.
Draxler, R.R., and G.D. Hess, 1998: An overview of the HYSPLIT_4 modeling system of trajectories, dispersion, and deposition. Aust. Meteor. Mag., 47, 295-308.
Draxler, R.R., 1999: HYSPLIT4 user's guide. NOAA Tech. Memo. ERL ARL-230, NOAA Air Resources Laboratory, Silver Spring, MD.
If the paper used results from the on-line web version of HYSPLIT, please include the following references:
Draxler, R.R. and Rolph, G.D., . HYSPLIT (HYbrid Single-Particle Lagrangian Integrated Trajectory) Model access via NOAA ARL READY Website (http://ready.arl.noaa.gov/HYSPLIT.php). NOAA Air Resources Laboratory, Silver Spring, MD.
Rolph, G.D., . Real-time Environmental Applications and Display sYstem (READY) Website (http://ready.arl.noaa.gov). NOAA Air Resources Laboratory, Silver Spring, MD.
Hysplit On-Line Publications
Due to copyright restrictions, some articles are not available directly on-line, but must be requested by e-mail. You will be prompted, the article file name will appear in the subject line, no additional message is necessary.
HYSPLIT Trifold Brochure (PDF, 600KB)
Short Range: 5 to 50 km Applications - Draxler, R.R., 2006, The Use of Global and Mesoscale Meteorological Model Data to Predict the Transport and Dispersion of Tracer Plumes over Washington, D.C., Weather and Forecasting, Vol. 21, No. 3, pages 383-394.
An Empirically Derived Emission Algorithm for Wind Blown Dust - Draxler, R. R., P. Ginoux, and A. F. Stein (2010), An empirically derived emission algorithm for wind-blown dust, J. Geophys. Res., 115, D16212, doi:10.1029/2009JD013167.
Modeling PM10 from Dust Storms - Escudero, M., A. Stein, R. R. Draxler, X. Querol, A. Alastuey, S. Castillo, and A. Avila (2006), Determination of the contribution of northern Africa dust source areas to PM10 concentrations over the central Iberian Peninsula using the Hybrid Single-Particle Lagrangian Integrated Trajectory model (HYSPLIT) model, J. Geophys. Res., 111, D06210, doi:10.1029/2005JD006395.
HYSPLIT meteorological ensemble method - Draxler, R.R. 2003, Evaluation of an ensemble dispersion calculation, Journal of Applied Meteorology, Vol. 42, February, 308-317.
HYSPLIT turbulence ensemble method - Stein, A.F., V. Isakov, J. Godowitch, R.R. Draxler (2007),A hybrid modeling approach to resolve pollutant concentrations in an urban area, Atmospheric Environment 41:9410-9426.
Hysplit User's Guide - An essential document if you will be using the Windows PC version of the model. The document provides complete information about file formats, command line prompts, and descriptions of each input line for the Hysplit model's control file that is used to set up the simulation ( NOAA Tech Memo ERL ARL-230, June 1999, 35p - Last Revised March 2002 - also included in the distribution download file).
Hysplit Ozone Calculations - Draxler, R.R. 2000, Meteorological Factors of Ozone Predictability at Houston, Texas, J. Air and Waste Management Assoc., 50: 259-271.
Verification and Examples - Draxler, R.R. and G.D. Hess, 1998, An Overview of the Hysplit_4 Modeling System for Trajectories, Dispersion, and Deposition, Aust. Met. Mag., 47, 295-308.
Technical Information - Draxler, R.R. and G.D. Hess, 1997, Description of the Hysplit_4 modeling system, NOAA Tech Memo ERL ARL-224, Dec, 24p.
Emergency Response Applications - Draxler, R.R., Jean, M., Hicks, B., and Randerson, D. 1997, Emergency Preparedness, Regional Specialized Meteorological Centers at Washington and Montreal, Radiation Protection Dosimetry, Vol 73, pp. 27-30.
Volcanic Eruptions - Stunder, B.J.B., J.L. Heffter, R.R. Draxler (2007), Airborne Volcanic Ash Forecast Area Reliability, Weather and Forecasting, 22:1132-1139, DOI: 10.1175/WAF1042.1
Trajectory Verification - Draxler, R.R. 1996, Trajectory Optimization for Balloon Flight Planning, Weather and Forecasting, Vol 11, March, pp. 111-114.
Kinematic and Isentropic Trajectories - Draxler, R.R. 1996, Boundary layer isentropic and kinematic trajectories during the August 1993 North Atlantic Regional Experiment Intensive, J. Geophys. Res., Vol 101, No. D22, pp. 29255-29268.
Numerical basis for the global eulerian module in HYSPLIT version 4.9 - Draxler, R.R., 2007, Demonstration of a global modeling methodology to determine the relative importance of local and long-distance sources, Atmospheric Environment, 41:776-789, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2006.08.052.
The meteorological input fields used by Hysplit are required to be in "ARL packed" format. All gridded meteorological data available on our site are already in this form and may be FTP'd to your PC without conversion. Remember to use the binary or iget options for any data transfers.
All data meteorological available on our site on-line may be used through any Web based READY program, or with some restrictions, downloaded to your PC for computations. Data that is no longer on-line may be available from NCDC or other sources, however it cannot be placed back on-line and all computations with those data must be done locally on your own PC.
For more information